Skin needling is a dermatological treatment that involves puncturing the skin with fine surgical needles through a roller mechanism. The procedure is said to stimulate collagen production for a more rejuvenated surface.
A chemical-free and non-invasive procedure, several studies have shown that skin needling does help improve skin texture and firmness.
The idea of rolling a device with hundreds of tiny needles over your face and body sounds more like a form of torture than therapy for your skin. However, this is exactly what skin needling entails to lead to improved elasticity and a minimization of wrinkles and scars. Skin needling goes by a few names—microneedling therapy, collagen induction therapy, or percutaneous collagen induction. A decades-old procedure, it has always included the use of handheld rollers to pierce micro-holes into the skin. The effect is increased collagen and elastin production for a smoother and firmer surface. The earliest reports on skin needling date back to 1905 when German dermatologist Kromayer introduced a procedure called controlled surface abrasion. His technique of rotating wheels and rasps does not differ much from needling devices today. The procedure was initially only offered in clinics as a scar treatment. Over the years, technological developments have led to the availability of skin needling equipment for home use i.e., the dermaroller. Despite its convenience, experts warn that practicing a do-it yourself (DIY) method with this device poses a risk of infection and damage. The dermaroller is a compact device with at least 200 fine needles measuring anywhere between 0.25 to 1.5 millimeters in length. As it is manually applied to the skin in a crisscross pattern, the dermaroller lightly wounds the skin, prompting it to heal itself by producing more collagen and fibroblasts. A vitamin cream is sometimes applied after the procedure. According to the International Dermal Institute, different needle lengths produce a range of results. Shorter needles are gentler, providing something close to exfoliation and a light massage. Meanwhile, longer needles are best used by an experienced professional or used under medical supervision. One important thing to note is that sanitizing the dermaroller is a crucial concern. Los Angeles-based dermatologist Ava Shamban says, “Since the rollers penetrate the skin, the problem of infection is always a possibility. You must be cautious that everything is sterilized clean.” The Wall Street Journal has reported that many dermaroller manufacturers even recommend using the device only once. Yet, because of their high price tags, many DIY patrons still try to sterilize them for multiple uses. Moreover, skin needling at home may not be as effective as it could be in clinics because results vary depending on the type of equipment used, as reported by The Skin Clinic. Additionally, low-quality needles can do more harm than good to your skin, says New York dermatologist Doris Day. It is still be best to seek a doctor’s help for this treatment to avoid
the risk of irritation and self-injury. Based on a study published in the Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery, topical anesthesia is applied before an in-clinic needling procedure, and there should be available means on-hand to address any pinpoint bleeding. After application of anesthesia, the procedure’s next step involves massaging the skin with a serum or hyaluronic acid peptide gel. Then, the device is glided in one direction across the affected area. After 20 minutes, the area is cleaned with saline pads to prevent infection and ease puffiness. Aside from the more hygienic approach to skin needling in clinics, the equipment used by medical professionals is more sophisticated and allows for precise control over pressure and needle depth, depending on the specific and unique needs of a client. A chemical free and non-invasive procedure, several studies have shown that skin needling does help improve skin texture and firmness, and helps in the alleviation of acne scars. It also helps reduce the appearance of pores, fine lines, and stretch marks with minimal post-operation inflammation and hyperpigmentation. Complete skin needling therapy can run for three to four sessions with intervals of four to six weeks. This is for mild to moderate conditions.